介词by的用法大全

2020-03-30 08:05:58 标题分类:好词 关键词:介词by的用法大全 阅读:78

对于很多同学来说,介词的学习无疑是一大难题。词义多,用法广,不好把握。因此Stone老师在教课的过程中搜罗了一些重点介词,今天就跟各位小伙伴们分享一下“by“的相关用法。一起上车吧!一、词义1.靠近;在……旁边;在……附近(相当于near, beside, next to, close to等等)The telephone is by the window. 电话在窗户旁边。We had a day by the sea. 我们在海边度过了一天。2.经过(相当于past;联想词组pass by)I go by the church every morning on my way to work.我每天早晨上班要经过教堂。3.不迟于;在……之前(相当于before;联想词组by the end of )By this time next week we shall be in New York.下周的这个时候我们就会在纽约了。He ought to have arrived by now.此刻他早该到了。4.乘坐(交通工具)I go to school by bus.我坐公交车去上学。5.用于被动语态The play was written by Shakespeare.这部剧是由莎士比亚写的。6.通过(某物或某地相当于through);通过(某种方式或手段);凭借He entered by the back door.他从后门进来了。He earns his living by writing. 他靠写作为生。7.按照(一定的标准);以……为计量sell eggs by dozen 卖蛋论打The children came in two by two.孩子们两个两个地进来。The carpet is too short by three feet.这块地毯短了三英尺。8.根据(相当于according to)It's two o'clock by my watch.我的表现在是两点钟。I could tell by the look on her face that something terrible had happened.我一看她脸色就知道出大事了。9.抓住某人的身体或衣物 take sb. by hand 抓住某人的手二、词组go by 路过drop by 顺便拜访pass by 经过stand by 坐视不管;袖手旁观by accident / by chance / by mistake 偶然by oneself 独自;独立by the way 顺便一说(用于转移话题)三、辨析1.by / with / in 表示 ”用“by 表示使用的方式或手段,无需限定词。如:by bus 乘车 by gas 用气 by letter 用信with表示使用具体的工具或手段,需要限定词。如:I write with my left hand.我用左手写字。I write this letter by hand.我用手写的这封信。in表示使用某种语言或材料,无需限定词。如:What's this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?Write your homework in ink.写作业要用墨水笔。2.by sea ; by the seaby sea 表示“乘船”;by the sea 表示 “在海边”

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